By Catherine Kyobutungi, African Population and Health Research Center
There has been a lot of focus on Covid-19 vaccine inequalities between high-income and low and middle-income countries. For instance, it is estimated that up to 70% of all vaccines to be produced in 2021 were pre-booked by a handful of countries.
This has caused severe bottlenecks in vaccine supply to low and middle-income countries, leading to huge differences in vaccination rates. On average, out of 100 people in a high-income country, 61 have received at least one dose of the Covid-19 vaccine. In the 29 low-income countries, only 3 out of 100 people have received one dose of the vaccine.
In the whole of Africa, about 10 out of 100 have received at least one dose and only 4 out of 100 are fully vaccinated.
Such inequity means that while economies of high-income countries recover and life returns to normal, low-income countries will continue to struggle with slower economic recovery and the knock-on effects.
As time goes on, another picture is emerging. That is one of the inequities among African countries. While on average 4 in 100 Africans are fully vaccinated, there are more than 30 countries where less than 5 in 100 people have received a single dose. The top five vaccinated countries in Africa include three island states and two countries in North Africa with full vaccination rates ranging from 20% to 72%.
Almost half of the countries in Africa have full vaccination rates below 2%.
To help us keep track of vaccine roll-out across the continent, The Conversation Africa teamed up with Africa Data Hub to provide a map with regularly updated data illustrating vaccine distribution (Click on the image to the right to access the interactive map).
At a time when the vaccine supply to Africa has increased, partly due to donations from high-income countries and partly due to access to more vaccine options such as Sinopharm and J&J, it is important to understand how that translates to vaccines into people’s arms. And to be able to track whether existing inequalities among African countries persists.
In the medium term, the map will be invaluable in tracking how an increase in the Covid-19 vaccine uptake affects the countries’ ability to withstand new waves of infection. The goal of the world should be to have all countries achieving high rates of vaccination necessary to protect their whole population from further outbreaks. Such tracking tools help us to see how much progress we are making.